Huntington's Disease Speech

Great Essays
OVERVIEW: Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited disorder that causes degeneration of brain cells, called neurons, in motor control regions of the brain, as well as other areas (NINDS, 2016). Huntington’s disease is caused by a mutation in the gene for a protein called huntingtin. The defect causes the cytosine, adenine, and guanine (CAG) building blocks of DNA to repeat many more times than is normal (NINDS, 2016). Huntington’s disease is a progressive brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements, emotional problems, and loss of thinking ability. Each child of a person, who has Huntington's disease, has a 50% chance of inheriting the disease. The disease does not skip a generation. Huntington's Disease is a genetic disease that causes …show more content…
A person with Huntington's Disease is likely to be prescribed a neuroleptic such as Tetrabenazine, Reserpine, Trilaton (perhenazine), or Haldol. For depression, Fluoxetine, Sertraline Hydrochloride, or Nortriptyline are commonly used. Also, tranquilizers can be used to treat anxiety, and Lithium can be used for persons with severe mood swings. Speech therapy can also improve speech and swallowing for a person with Huntington's Disease . It is important that a person diagnosed with Huntington's Disease maintains a high calorie diet, not only to prevent weight loss, but it has also been shown to improve involuntary movement and behavioral …show more content…
Testing for the Huntington's Disease gene entails a blood sample genetic test that analyzes DNA for Huntington's Disease mutation by counting the number of CAG repeats in the Huntington's Disease gene region. A person will not get Huntington's Disease if their CAG repeats are lower than 30. If a person's CAG repeats are higher than 40 they will get Huntington's Disease . A person may or may not get Huntington's Disease if their CAG repeats are between 30-40. This is a gray area for researchers and they are still trying to understand why. A person isn't actually diagnosed with Huntington's Disease until they show

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    CSD 3150: Hyperkinetic Dysarthria of Huntington’s disease Huntington’s disease is a disorder that can be inherited through a defect in a gene in which there is a progressive degeneration of the brain cells. A person’s motor will become impaired, with many moments of uncontrolled involuntary movements such as jerking, imbalance and posture issues, as well as speech and swallowing issues. However, the severity of this disease varies with different stages (asha.org). Cognition is also an issue, where…

    • 387 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Definition: Huntington’s disease is a brain disorder which affects human’s health and causes movements disorders, emotional problems and other symptoms (1). It is also known as an autosomal dominant disease, which means that disorder can be passed down through families and their children. So, if the parent has Huntington's disease, their children will have a chance of having the disease (2). However, people can have this disease at any time in their life even if they were healthy and had no noticeable…

    • 409 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Huntington’s Disease Huntington’s Disease is a disease that takes place in the brain due to the loss of brain cells, It is uncommon amongst most populations but might even affect you. Huntington’s disease is a genetic defect in the process of making proteins. It is an unusual Mutation that causes the loss of Neurons which are brain cells. It was discovered by an American doctor in the 1872. The disease is described in many names including “Huntington’s Chorea”. It is inherited from parents. It…

    • 624 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays