Sedentary Agriculture Case Study

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2.1: Why did hunter-gatherer societies switch to sedentary agriculture? The transition of hunter-gathering groups to sedentary agriculture initially began due to the simplicity behind agriculture and animal husbandry. The process of growing crops proved to be a much more reliable method of obtaining food than foraging. Similarly, the domestication of certain animal species provided a wealth of byproducts in addition to the meat obtained by slaughtering the animal. I agree with Robbins that many hunter-gathering tribes saw the more relaxed lifestyle they would gain through practicing sedentary agriculture. Before these practices were adopted, taking down large game required a great amount of skill and patience (especially in cases where hand …show more content…
The environment in which one is forced to adapt to will ultimately impact the way that individual is formed. The same can be said regarding entire societies. Many of the countries of Europe were fortunate enough to reside in lands where resources were plentiful. Natural resources such as coal, iron and oil were abundant in Europe and allowed for the rapid growth from the Industrial Revolution and onward. Prior to the usefulness of these resources, European countries possessed vast regions of fertile land for agriculture, allowing them to establish sizable populations. These growing populations in turn required more complex systems of government to maintain peace and order within the society. Growth in population lead to the spreading of disease and other problems which I believe ultimately lead to Western European scientific and engineering practices. The culmination of all these factors is what caused Western Europe to be one of the most advanced regions in the …show more content…
Poorer countries without access to plumbing and fresh water will have a much higher rate of disease and will have difficulty treating these sicknesses. Areas with access to these technologies are more proficient in disease prevention and treatment.
2.5: Why are simpler societies disappearing? The disappearance of simpler societies is likely related to the conquest of more modernized civilizations. As the Europeans were making claims to lands in the New World, the indigenous populations inhabiting the area were no match for them. In addition to superior weaponry, disease brought over the Atlantic Ocean resulted in the deaths of countless numbers of Native peoples. Integration is another possible cause behind the disappearance of simpler societies. As smaller groups are overtaken by more advanced civilizations, they are forced to adapt to new ways of life under the rule of the victorious society. Over the generations, many of these once integral parts of a societies’ culture may be forgotten. The mass attempts to convert the indigenous populations to Christianity is a good example of the suppression of beliefs that was forced upon these conquered

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