Humanism In Italian Renaissance Art

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Italian Renaissance (ital. Rinascimento-"rebirth" or "born again") – a period in the history of European culture, which replaced the culture of the Middle Ages and the previous culture of modern times. Renaissance art emerged based on humanism-- currents of public thought, which originated in the XIV century. In Italy, and then during the second half of the XV and XVI centuries spread to other European countries. Humanism is proclaimed the highest value of man and his benefit. The followers of this movement believed that every person has the right to develop as a personality, realizing their abilities. Ideas of humanism more fully and vividly embodied in the art, the main theme of which was a beautiful, harmonious development of man, has unlimited …show more content…
Painting is represented by two artistic schools: Florence and Siena. Giotto became the central figure of painting. Artists of the Renaissance considered him as the reformer of painting. Giotto outlined the way, along which went its development: the filling of religious forms with the secular content, gradual passage from the planar images to the volumetric and relief, increase of realism, introduced in the painting the plastic volume of figures, depicted in the painting interior.

Early Renaissance
During the so-called 'Early Renaissance' in Italy includes a period from 1420 to 1500. During these eighty years art is not completely be removed from the traditions of the recent past, but trying to mix them with elements borrowed from classical antiquity. Only later, and only little by little, under the influence of more and more changing conditions of life and culture, artists completely throw medieval foundations and bravely enjoy samples of ancient art, as in the general concept of their works, and in their details.

While art in Italy has strongly followed the path of imitation of classical antiquity, in other countries it long kept tradition of the Gothic style. To the north of the Alps, as well as in Spain, the Renaissance came only at the end of the XV century, and its early period lasts up to about the middle of next
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At this time the center of the Italian art from Florence moved to Rome, with the entry to the papal throne Julius II, attracting a his court the best artists of Italy, who held their numerous and important work and gave another example of love for the art. At the same time the Pope and his immediate successors in Rome built a lot of monumental buildings created magnificent sculptures, frescoes and paintings were written, and still considered the pearl of paintings. Antiquity now being studied more thoroughly, played with more rigor and consistency, calmness and dignity replace playful beauty that was aspiration of the preceding period, of remembering medieval completely disappear, and it is a classic imprint falls on all art creation. High Renaissance, which gave to mankind the great masters such as Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci, Giorgione, Titian, Raphael Santi, Bramante covers a relatively short period of time - the end of the XV and first half of the XVI centuries. Only in Venice flowering of art lasted until middle of the

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