Human trafficking is a major problem in the world that I am passionate about. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit, or destination for victims. Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
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There are several consequences of human trafficking. According to Urvashi Pokharna, the author of the article Effects of Human Trafficking, the biggest consequences, however, include psychological, health, societal, and economic. The victims suffer from lack of self-esteem, emotional disturbance, disorientation, and depression. If they are rescued, they are sure to suffer from emotional distress. Health issues in this industry are eminent. It is needless to say that protection is not frequently used, therefore leaving the door open for sexual diseases. Substance abuse and hunger also threaten the health of the victims. Because corruption is so prevalent in our world, the gluttony only accelerates the trafficking of humans; thus making the development of a stable and hearty society a remote dream. Lastly, human trafficking gives rise to such things as terrorism, poverty, unemployment, expanding population, high crime rates, and lack of order in the country—none good for the economic growth of a nation. Some view human trafficking the same as they view prostitution; however, the two are distinctively different. Although both are heartbreaking, human trafficking forces people into the sex industry by abuse or coercion, while prostitution is done willingly. That being said, human trafficking, not prostitution, is considered modern day slavery by many. Any act of slavery is going to cause controversy in the world, especially when you add in the underage