Human Body: The Human Skeletal System

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The human body contains a bunch of different systems, and it has many divisions within the systems. Organs, tissues, bones, joints, and cartilage are just a few things that are the genetic makeup of the actually human skeletal system. The human skeletal system is very diverse but unique at the same time. Bones are responsible for playing a major role in how our body is made up and functions. A bone is a rigid organ in which it contains living and evolving tissue that has various particular functions in the body. These functions include the support of the skeletal system, protection of the organs throughout the human body, providing movement for the joints, storing minerals and oxygen in the body, and many more. At human birth, the actual human …show more content…
The human body contains of partially long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones and sesamoid bones. Long bones, like their name, are the longest bones in the human body. Examples of some human bones that belong in this division are the femur, humerus and the tibia. In order for a bone to specifically be classified as a long bone, they must have a body that is longer than its width. Furthermore these bones must also have growth plates on either of the ends of the bone. As well as those characteristics, these sorts of long bones have a hard surface made up of compact bone with a spongy inner structure that is made up of bone marrow. Short bones are usually as wide as their length and mostly have the primary function of providing support for body movements. Some examples of short bones are such as the carpals and the tarsals, which actually are the bones of the wrist and foot. Short bones are usually made up of a thin layer of generally compact and a spongy inside that contains a large amount of bone marrow. Flat bones are called “flat” because of their literal appearance, which is flat and strong. The main function of the flat bones are to provide protection to the bodies most important organs, which is fairly significant and important for the bones to be able to do. Besides protection, flat bones are also responsible for muscular attachment. A few examples of flat bones are the sternum, the scapula and even the cranium is considered a flat bone. Next, the irregular bones essentially are bones from the body that mostly have an irregular shape, so therefore they cannot for the most part be classified under the previous categories. A few examples of these types of bones are the vertebrae, the sacrum and the mandible. These bones are made up of sponge-like material and have a particularly thin

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