Human Services And Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay
A. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), caused by exposure to a traumatic event, is a mental health condition characterized by recurrent nightmares or flashbacks, avoiding reminders/recounting the event, distorted mental processes or emotional numbing, and a persistently high state of arousal and reactivity (Institute of Medicine , 2014)
B. In the military, PTSD is caused by various elements of combat exposure during deployment.
1. In 2012, 5.2% of all service members were diagnosed with PTSD, while 8.0% of all previously deployed service members received the diagnosis (Institute of Medicine , 2014) C. Physicians are unsure why some individuals develop PTSD over others; however, it is believed that a mix of interrelated elements can increase the probability that exposure to a traumatic event will result in the disorder, such as inherited mental health risks and personality factors, previous life experiences and an individual’s unique chemical response(s) to stress (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014)
II. MEDICAL MODEL
A. The medical model views those looking for assistance as patients, suffering from an illness or disease, who need a proper diagnosis and medical intervention to help alleviate the ailment(s) (Woodside & McClam, 2015, p. 102). 1. The medical model views PTSD as mental disorder with symptoms that can be alleviated by medicinal and cognitive therapies (Jonas, et al., 2013). a. Includes…