Human Resource Essay

9223 Words Jul 1st, 2011 37 Pages
STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: THREE-STAGE PROCESS AND INFLUENCING ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Sandeep Krishnan Personnel and Industrial Relations Area D-18, Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380 015, Gujarat, India. Email: sandeepk@iimahd.ernet.in Tel: ++91-79-26327816 Fax: ++91-79-26306896

Manjari Singh Personnel and Industrial Relations Area Wing 12-D, Indian Institute of Management, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad 380 015, Gujarat, India. Email: manjari@iimahd.ernet.in Tel: ++91-79-26324914 Fax: ++91-79-26306896

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Abstract: A three-stage model for the process of strategic human resource management is developed in this paper. The three stages cover strategy formulation, implementation and evaluation. The
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According to Ulrich (1998), one of the four roles of HR personnel is to become strategic business partner. Youndt and Snell (1996) find that firms employing HR practices according to the stated strategy are regarded to have better perceptual performance. In recent years a host of papers have been published which look into the strategic aspects of HRM. Kazmi and Ahmad (2001) classify various definitions of strategic human resource management (SHRM) based on strategy-focused, decision-focused, content-focused and implementation-focused approach. According to the strategy-focused approach, which is supported by authors like Mathis and Jackson (1985) and Beer, Spector, Lawrence, Mills, and Walton (1984), HRM is strategic by its very nature and all its elements have strategic linkages. The decision-focused approach formulated by Devanna et al. (1981) is based on three decisionmaking levels, namely operational, managerial and strategic and considers HRM at strategic

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level to be SHRM. According to content-focused approach that is proposed by Torrington and Hall (1995), SHRM emerges when HRM elements match the organisation’s strategy. According to the implementation-focused approach that is brought forward by Miles and Snow (1984), SHRM is when HRM systems help in the formulation and implementation of business strategies. However, it is the definition based on implementation-focused approach dealing with alignment of

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