Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

1414 Words May 14th, 2016 null Page
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its advancement to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) refer to a retroviral infection that interferes with the human immune system, increasing a person’s risk for contracting common infections like Tuberculosis, opportunistic infections, and cancers that rarely affect others with unaltered immune systems. HIV is acquired through unprotected sex, contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from infected mother-to-child. Although HIV/AIDS was first recognized in the early 1980’s, there currently still is no ultimate cure or vaccine. Nonetheless, advancements in medicine have led to the invention of anti-viral therapies that allow persons with HIV to live relatively normal lives. In 2014, over 36.9 million adults and children globally were living with HIV infection. In that same year, over two million people contracted the virus and over one million died from AIDS-related opportunistic diseases and secondary infections. The infection is commonly associated with the LGBT+ community – particularly with men who have sex with men. Surprisingly the dominant mode of transmission for HIV/AIDS has been primarily through heterosexuals. The association between the LGBT+ community and HIV/AIDS is largely a Western construct linked to the emergence of the disease in the early 1980’s in the United States - primarily from the framing of the disease as a homosexual phenomena in the first reports on the infection by…

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