The Role Of Microbes In The Human Body

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The human body is composed of trillions of cells. Each of the cells has a specific role in the function of the human body; however, those cells are outnumbered by microbes. Microbes are microorganisms that have been perceived as invaders, and humans have created many methods to reduce encountering them. However, microbes are almost everywhere and mostly found in the human gut. Microbes range from fungi, protozoa, bacteria to even viruses. Some of those microbes live outside the body, majority inside. The genes for the microbes outnumbers the genes of cells by far. The genetic material for the microbes is referred as the microbiome. The microbiome of each microbe has been linked to having benefits to the human. It has been associated with immune …show more content…
The project is funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute. The main purpose of the project is to study the human microbes and cells and identify the role it takes into the health and diseases. It is road mapping a way on how to prevent a certain disease or use microbes as a way to cure it. One of the goals is combined the genomes of 300 people microbes over time. The human microbiome project has initiated many more studies to help understand the significant role of microbes. The research article “Sex, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Fiber Intake Influence in Human Gut Microbiome” contributes to the HMP. It states that the evidence suggests that human microbiome essential to the human health and diseases. It suggests that sex, BMI, and dietary fiber intake all influence the amount of microbes and type of microbes a person …show more content…
Sex, BMI, and dietary fiber have a relationship on the human gut microbiome. The total sex participants were approximately 60 % males and 40% females. The finding shows that men have more microbes than females. It showed that typically females have less of a certain type of bacteria than males. The findings of the BMI showed there was an association of gut microbiomes, but a stronger correlation between females. The results showed that females considered overweight or obese tend to have a lower amount of microbes in the body leading to more diseases. While females that are considered normal weight more abundance on microbes. Lastly, the findings on the dietary diet sources indicate that the intake of the fiber relates to the gut microbiome. The fiber from fruits, vegetable and beans had an impact on the overall composition of the microbiome in the body. It was determined that beans, fruits, and vegetable had a more noticeable impact on the microbe Clostridia. All these findings demonstrated that sex, BMI, and dietary fiber do in fact contribute to the human gut

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