Human Environment And Global Warming

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A problem that is affecting humanity every day, and it is gradually intervening in our lives is global warming. This is a phenomenon that shows an increase of the temperature in the atmosphere and oceans. Gases and substances produced by humans are changing the planet and causing severe effects in the stability and development of different forms of life. The changes in climate and weather that are currently known are causing environmental disasters that attack directly our lives and living conditions. Global warming has contributed to the change of seasonal patterns and affected ecosystems through its development. Human activity in the climate system is clear and has contributed to the emissions of greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gas emissions …show more content…
When part of the forest is removed, it reduces the ability of the earth’s surface to control its own climate and chemistry. Stripping the planet of its forest and other ecosystems has a similar effect of burning human skin. The forest helps maintain ecological balance and biodiversity limit erosion in watersheds, and influence changes in weather and climate (Peter Miller, 2015). Deforestation may cause local or regional extinction of species, loss of genetic resources, increased pests, alters the processes of formation and maintenance of soil (erosion); it also prevents the change of biogeochemical cycles. Deforestation is also a contributing factor to global warming. The forest soils are wet, but without the protection of trees on its surface, they dry quickly. Trees also help perpetuate the water cycle by returning vapor water into the atmosphere. Trees play an important role in balancing the ecosystem, without them many forests and woodlands can become arid deserts quickly, and it causes loss of biodiversity at a genetic, population, and ecosystem …show more content…
Recent studies have shown that both the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans’ glaciers are liquefying, and the process has accelerated at unprecedented rates, thus leading to an increase in water surfaces and a decrease in inhabitable land surfaces. During the spring and summer in the Arctic, ice ponds are formed due to the melting process; it gives the landscape a range of shimmering blue. Despite the visual beauty of this phenomenon, a recent study conducted by researchers at a German institute has determined that these ponds present in this area are a great example of climate changes that are having place in the Arctic and Antarctic Ocean (Peter Miller, 2015). These ponds of water that formed on the ice absorb more heat from the sun generating a faster melting of the ice. It can be said that the total amount of Arctic and Antarctic ice are made of two kinds: the new ice has a thin, smooth layer that has formed during the last cold season, and another thick, rough layer that has stayed longer in there even in hot seasons (Peter Miller, 2015). If the melting process continues, the planet will lost a lot of its living space, and it will alter ecosystems and the biosphere in

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