Human Diversity In South Asia Essay

751 Words 4 Pages
The major cultural elements that contributed to the human diversity of South Asia are the two main religions in the region. These religions are Hinduism and Buddhism. Both are similar but have differences that make up the diversity in South Asia. Hinduism is mainly in India; which includes worship of many gods related to varied historic experiences and is associated with a caste order. A caste order is a social class system based on supremacy of people. The top of the caste order are the priest, next the warriors and rulers, then the commoner merchants and artisans; outside divisions; lowest caste, servants and outcasts labeled “untouchables”. This religion believes that everyone is to carry out their own moral duties. They also believe …show more content…
Buddhism’s truly want to reach a total state of Nirvana. Nirvana is a state of insight, calmness, and joy. Buddhist believe that material things are not what brings happiness and Buddhism does not believe in the caste order more believing in a dharma policy. The dharma policy focuses on social responsibility, human dignity and socioreligious harmony. Buddhism developed as a rejection of the created caste system sanctioned by Hinduism. Buddhism believes work diligently, think clearly, show compassion to all living things and by following this you will be free from endless reincarnation. Structured rule rose from challenging of social structures and the clash and confusion that followed the growth of new religions. These structured rules led to the founding of state systems and the development of immense …show more content…
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