Human Development Index ( Hdi ) Essays

1091 Words Nov 10th, 2014 null Page
Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary index that measures a country’s average achievements and wellbeing in three human developments: standard of living, longevity, and knowledge. HDI was introduced in 1990 by the United Nations to measure development and rank countries by comparing them to one another. Since 2010, there has been a change in HDI, and it has been changed to Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index. “The IHDI takes into account not only the average achievements of a country on health, education, and income but also how those achievements are distributed among its citizens by “discounting” each dimension’s average value according to its level of inequality” (UNDP). The main difference between HDI and IHDI is that inequality is taken into account in IHDI which makes a big difference when comparing, for example, in 2014 HDI Canada in 8#, United States in #5, in IHDI Canada falls in 9# and United States falls to 28#. Not only did IHDI start measuring inequality, but also there were changes in measuring the human developments in knowledge and standard of living. Before IHDI was used, knowledge was measured by adult literacy rate and school enrolment ratios for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education. Standard of living was calculated by real GDP per capita and was adjusted for purchasing-power parity and healthy life. In 2010, knowledge was measured by using the expected years of schooling for schooling age children and average years of…

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