Essay about Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

1713 Words Mar 14th, 2013 7 Pages
RUNNING HEAD: HOWARD GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES 1

Howard Gardner: Human Development and Education
“Thinking about Thinking”

University of St. Thomas
School of Education
Counselor Education Cohort Program

Submitted by:
Carolyn Assaad, B.A.
School Counseling Candidate

Submitted to:
Dr. Roman Alvarez, LPC-S, NCC, ACS, LMFT, LSOTP, FAPA, MTAPA
Summer I, 2012

RUNNING HEAD: HOWARD GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES 2

Abstract

This paper explores the following: 1) discusses Howard Gardner’s philosophy of education and background; 2) discusses qualities that make him an educational leader including the relevance of his work; 3) examines his theory of multiple
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Furthermore, he believed that intelligence, or intelligences, are not predetermined and are always interactive between biology and the environment or culture. His view of the intellect as being “distributed” in the environment lead him to his theory of Multiple Intelligences which claims that there are many ways to understand the world around us (Beliavsky, 2006). His theory of multiple intelligences has been influential in school reform around the globe.
Educational leader qualities and relevance of work Howard Gardner has himself referred to his theory and approach to education as “the under- standing pathway” where he advocates that students ask deep epistemological questions
(Astington, 1998). He believed that school pathways should address all kinds of children.
His theory encompasses eight types of intelligences: linguistic, mathematical/logical, musical, visual/spatial, bodily, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. He believed that no two people have the same combinations of these intelligences. Furthermore, he felt that if both
RUNNING HEAD: HOWARD GARDNER’S MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES 4

biological and cultural opportunities for learning are not present then certain intelligences may not be realized. His theory has also been referred to as the theory of mind, which states that our social life depend upon the interaction of minds- interactions of our thoughts, wants, and feelings, or

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