Type two diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness requiring patient education and frequent assessments to reduce the risk of health complications. Controlling the disease requires major behavioral and lifestyle changes including: following a prescribed diet, taking oral antidiabetic medications or insulin, increasing exercise, reducing weight, and frequent blood glucose assessment. Per the American Diabetes Association (2016), diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States of America. It is estimated 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes with 8.1 million undiagnosed (American Diabetes Association, 2016). An objective of Healthy People 2020 includes reducing the number of cases, death rates, side effects, and financial burden of type two diabetes (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2016). As providers, providing education and prevention while instilling certainty of the disease process can help delay type two diabetes complications.
To delay health complications, it is imperative for patients to understand the disease process and learn how to manage blood glucose levels. Diabetes requires routine blood glucose assessment. Early detection and prevention for patients at high risk for developing type two diabetes helps patients understand the severity of the illness, risk of hospitalizations, and development of chronic conditions resulting from diabetes.
A problem identified in clinical practice is the lack of…