How The Human Memory Works And The Levels Of Processing Model

2016 Words May 31st, 2016 null Page
Humans process all information through a general, three-step process: encoding, storing, and retrieval (Weseley & McEntarffer, 2007). There are various models that provide an explanation of how the human memory works, such as the three box model and the levels of processing model (Weseley & McEntarffer, 2007). According to the three box model, also known as the information-processing model developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968, newly perceived information is encoded through a set of stores: the sensory memory, the short-term memory, and the long-term memory (McLeod, 2007). The levels of processing model attributes that humans are more likely to remember information based on how shallowly or deeply the memories were processed (Weseley & McEntarffer, 2007). In either method of perception, “If encoding or perceiving is a construction, then when one wants to recall the events later, the attempt requires the reconstruction of the event” (Roediger & DeSoto, 2015, p. 50-55).
Researchers have investigated memory reconstruction as early as the 1900s (Roediger & DeSoto, 2015). British psychologist Sir Frederic Bartlett began the pioneering, and most prominent research, on memory construction (Schacter, 2012). In his most infamous experiment, Bartlett used the folklore, “The War of Ghosts”, to test participants in two fashions: serial reproduction and repeated reproduction (Kimble & Wertheimer, 2003). Bartlett used the serial reproduction method, similar to the game of telephone,…

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