How Microbial Communities And The Environment Affect One Another

727 Words Oct 20th, 2016 3 Pages
This article targets the increased interest of how microbial communities and the environment affect one another through impacting the evolutionary features of the organisms they interact with. Shifts within the environment can consist of predictable and unpredictable changes. Predictable changes are consistent shifts in the surrounding environment that occur daily or seasonally. Animals and plants developed the use of external cues that regulate this when predictable changes in their environment occur. Examples of this regulation may be temperature cycles or the length of time photosynthesis will occur. Unpredictable changes are erratic shifts in the environment, such as climate change. These sharp fluctuations can cause fragmentation of the habitat, which will impact the environment in various ways and in turn will affect an organism’s fitness. The way the species will adjust to these changes is reliant on their ability to adjust and express different phenotypes according to new conditions, giving that species of organism an advantage according the physical environment. The differences between these environmental changes will cause species of that habitat to react with adaptive responses or stress responses. If rapid or sharp fluctuations in the environment occur, the organisms in that habitat will experience stress responses, causing beneficial symbiosis to be broken. The spectrum of diversity in microbes has been unable to be analyzed because previous research…

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