How Does Society Interact With Science? How Has This Changed From The Time Of Aristotle?
In the days of Aristotle, the interaction between science and society was limited. Science was for the few elite who had time to dedicate to impractical studies such as astronomy, which didn’t affect common people. The gods and the divine represented one of the most determining roles society played in early science (as religion does today). In “On the Heavens,” Aristotle drew the parallel between the heavenly bodies and the Gods. According to aristotle, the number three was significant both in terms of divine symbolism and in regards to the three dimensions of the universe. Also, the gods like the heavens were immortal — unalterable. The substance that the heavens was made of in aristotle 's description of the universe (aether) was indestructible and perfect, much like the gods were indestructible and perfect. This connection seems logical given that, to the ancient Greeks, both the gods and the heavens existed is a sphere beyond the mortal realm; both the heavens and the Gods were divine, forces to be discussed, studied, and revered but not touched.
Today science is so thoroughly integrated into society’s daily workings that we take its presence for granted. I’m typing on a computer: an incredibly powerful mathematical device that is a testament to modern scientific progress. Even the carpet beneath me is the product of applied petrochemical…