How Does Globalisation Affect Nationalism? Essay
Broadly speaking, there are two schools of thought about the relationship between globalisation and nationalism. One school holds that globalisation points towards a “post-national, post-ethnic or post-racial future” – a new era of cosmopolitanism in which the atavistic nationalist passions of the 19th and 20th centuries come to seem positively quaint (Brubaker, 2009, p. 24). According to this reading, globalisation and nationalism are rival processes that lead to “opposite poles” – a globalised world will not be a nationalistic world, and vice versa (Greenfeld, 2011, p. 5). Yet, there is another school of thought which takes a quite opposite tack. This school holds that “the age of globalisation is also the age of nationalist resurgence” (Castells, 2010, loc.1429). Far from being opposite poles, it is argued, nationalism and globalisation might in fact be mutually reinforcing (Hutchinson, 2005, loc.2165).
The essay will address this debate by analysing the relationship between globalisation and nationalism in three crucial spheres: economic, cultural and political. After briefly defining key terms, the essay will first set out the arguments of those we might term ‘cosmopolitanists’ – scholars who argue that globalisation in each of the economic, cultural and political spheres is undermining the basis of nationalism in the modern age. The essay will then elucidate the opposite ‘nationalist’ case by…