How Does Fitzgerald Tell the Story in Chapter 5 of 'the Great Gatsby'?
Fitzgerald uses a range of literary devices to adumbrate the denouement of the novel. Fitzgerald uses pathetic fallacy to foreshadow Gatsby’s inevitable death at the end of the novella. He uses ‘the pouring rain’ and the ‘damp mist’ to signify the awkward and uncomfortable meeting between Daisy and Gatsby. Indeed the use of semantic fields of sadness such as ‘misery’, ‘unhappy’, and, ‘gloom’ help to create a tone of anticipation yet pathos. Fitzgerald describes Gatsby as ‘pale as death…in a puddle of water’. This massively adumbrates the ending of the novella when Gatsby is found dead in his pool. Towards the end of the narrative, Fitzgerald again uses pathetic fallacy when ‘the darkness had parted in the clouds’. This signifies the moment when the relationship starts to thrive, and Gatsby is described as a ‘patron of recruiting light’. This is interesting when linked with Daisy’s name (in a literal sense); the flower needs the light to survive, but it also needs the rain, foreshadowing Daisy’s betrayal in chapter 7.
Time is slowed down in chapter 5; previous chapters are spread over longer times, this signifies the reunion of Gatsby and Daisy; time has gone so fast for daisy, however the ‘five