How Does Autism Spectrum Conditions Affect A Person 's Emotional Complex?

866 Words Apr 20th, 2015 4 Pages
“Pay attention to where you are going.” This phrase, alongside several similar phrases, is commonly spoken during therapeutic horse-riding lessons. While being disinterested in where a horse is going seems incomprehensible to the average person, it is a common issue found in autistic patients. Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) are often associated with poor social interaction and communication skills and display an unusually repetitive behavior and a small range of interests (Di Napoli, Agnese, et al). Why does ASC have such an adverse affect on a person’s emotional complex? Recent studies have shown that low oxytocin (OXT) levels and mutated oxytocin receptors (OXTR) could be the culprit; therefore, OXT should be considered a viable treatment option for symptoms of autism (Di Napoli, et al). ASC consists of many subgroups including classic autism and Asperger’s Syndrome (AS). ASC generally affects around one percent of the population with approximately four men affected to every one woman. ASC does not have a specific cause; however, studies have shown many possible genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors that might contribute to ASC. Some of the most interesting possible contributing factors relate to a lack of OXT in the hippocampus. OXT is a neuropeptide, a molecule that helps neurons communicate with one another, that aids in the establishment of maternal and social behaviors (“Oxytocin Shows Promise”). Many studies show that there is a strong correlation…

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