How Different Perspectives Of Time Within Different Cultures Affect Communication
A cultural anthropologist named, Edward Hall, introduced the concepts of low context and high context cultures in the mid twentieth century. A wide range of characteristics and behaviors determine the context classification of a culture. And within the two different cultural contexts, identified by Hall, there is a contrasting view of time, which is considered to be a non-verbal tool for communication. The study of how different perspectives of time within different cultures affect communication is called chronemics. There are two cultural views associated with chronemics, monochronic or polychronic, and sometimes referred to as m-time and p-time.
Low context cultures are monochronic and “emphasize schedules, a precise reckoning of time, and promptness.” (HR, 2002) High context cultures are polychronic and “tend to handle multiple things concurrently (or intermittently during a time period) and to emphasize the number of completed transactions and the number of people involved, rather than the adherence to time schedule.” (HR, 2002) In terms of business, the cultural perspective of time can affect communication, and management significantly.
Effects of Demographics on Chronemics
The United States experiences a constant flow of immigrants from all over the world. They come from high-context and low-context cultures and bring varying cultural perspectives that integrate into our society in one way or…