How Did World War 1 Contribute To The Russian Revolution

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“To what extent did World War 1 contribute to the Russian Revolution?”
In 1914 the ‘Great War’ began, there were many nations who were involved in the conflict, such as Germany, England, Ottoman Empire, and the most backwards country out of them, Russia. During World War 1, most of the countries involved were democratic and their people had basic human rights. Russia was two centuries behind the rest of the world because of its absolute monarchy who refused to make concessions for the population, also Russia was in the middle of dealing with revolutionary groups such as the Bolsheviks. During World War 1 there were a lot of issues in the home front for Russia as there was mass poverty, little food supplies, and dislocation of transportation
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Tsar Nicholas II was the last tsar of Russia before the Russian Revolution. “Nicholas II, who assumed the throne with trepidation upon his father Alexander III’s death, was a clumsy and ineffective leader” (SparkNotes Editors, 2009). This was evident when Nicholas II did not respond to the events of ‘Bloody Sunday’, a catastrophe that caused two-hundred thousand protesters led by Father Gapon peacefully up to the Winter Palace and were met by armed soldiers and mounted Cossacks on the 22th of January, 1905. Nicholas II was present in the Winter Palace at the time so other ministers decided to ‘deal’ with the situation, when Nicholas had returned to the Winter Palace he did not respond to the event and lost respect from the lower classes in Russia, such as workers, and peasants. For ten months it seemed that Nicholas II was going to lose control of Russia until he made his October Manifesto which addressed some of the objectives in the petition that Father Gapon presented, such as free speech and the establishment of the …show more content…
During World War 1 the military’s performance were poor as they had a really big army, but did not have the supplies needed to accommodate over ten million infantry men as some would not even have rifles and ammunition, while the enemy there were facing were the most technologically advanced countries in Europe, Germany. The soldiers also had low morale due to the harsh environment that they had to endure. The military was led by incompetent leaders such as Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich Romanov who had never even commanded armies in the field before, then he was replaced by Tsar Nicholas II who should’ve stayed in Russia due the increasing riots and strikes performed by the working class. “Nicholas II, as supreme commander of the Russian Army, was now closely linked to the country 's military failures and during 1917 there was a strong decline in his support in Russia.” (John Simkin, 2016). The impact of World War 1 contributed heavily to the start of both revolutions that were held in

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