How Did Thomas Jefferson Shrink The Government

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In 1801 President Thomas Jefferson took office and he promised to shrink the government, including executive powers. He resumed the capitol building project and designed additions to the White House. The 1803Louisiana Purchase made people angry people both inside and out of his own political party. Many believed the president didn't have the constitutional authority to make such a decision on his own.

His political opponents in the Essex Junta conspired with Vice President Aaron Burr in a plot for New England to secede from the Union. Burr fled to the West, where he hatched the Burr Conspiracy to take land from Spain. Jefferson tried to have Burr convicted for treason, but couldn't prove the charges. The same year, the Lewis and Clark Expedition returned from exploring the new Louisiana Territory and helped spur westward migration. Shortly before their return, the Pike Expedition was dispatched to explore the southern border of the territory, and after being arrested, gathered valuable military intelligence about the state of the Spanish empire in North America. President Jefferson signed into law a bill that banned the importation of slaves into the U.S. beginning in 1808.

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The presidential election of 1800 was the first to include
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Native Americans under the leadership of Tecumseh were fighting against U.S. expansion at the same time Great Britain was also trying to pull the U.S. into war. Governor of the Indiana Territory and future president William Henry Harrison weakened the Indian resistance at the Battle of Tippecanoe, but news of British support for the rebellion angered Americans and helped lead to a declaration of war. The War of 1812 lasted for two-and-a-half years. Commodore Perry defeated the British navy in the Battle of Lake Erie, and together with Harrison's defeat of Tecumseh and Jackson's southern victory against the Creeks, the war on the western frontier was

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