How Constituents Function And The Four Test That Can Be Used Essay

2080 Words Mar 3rd, 2016 null Page
1. Introduction
This paper presents a sentence to analyze how constituents function and the four test that can be used to prove the constituent. Linguist consider a constituent to be a structural unit made of a word or words that create the sentence and other phrases as well. In (1) the sentence that is analyzed and the constituents that are going to be tested are presented. Branches are used to show the boundaries that form the constituents.
1. Sentence and Constituents
a. He might have been watching television.
b. He might have been [watching television].
c. He might have [been watching television].
d. He might [have been watching television].
e. He [might have been watching television].
To gain a better understanding and view of the constituents presented in (1a-e) a syntactic tree diagram will be presented. In addition, to presenting the tree diagram the existence of constituents can be tested to argue their existence. To be more specific the sentence goes through these four tests: coordination, insertion, sentence fragmentation and ellipsis. This paper addressed three main questions that revolve around the sentence and the constituents involved. In (2) the questions that will be addressed in the analysis are presented.
2. Questions the analysis addresses
a. Create a tree diagram that accurately shows the structure of the sentence in (1)
b. Argue that the constituents in (1b-e) are constituents based on the data drawn from the test.
c. Analyze a syntactic tree by…

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