How Colonial Cities Have A Great Impact On Urban Patterns Around The World
Though the word colonialism often makes people think of America and its thirteen British colonies, it is actually a word that derives from the Roman word ‘colonia’ meaning settlement. This refers to the ancient Romans who would settle on different lands but still retain their citizenship with their native nation. Colonialism is often described as “…a body of people who settle in a new locality, forming a community subject to or connected with their parent state…” (Loomba, 2002, p. 1). The concept of colonialism dates back for centuries and is ultimately a crucial event that has shaped many major cities worldwide.
Colonial cities have had a great impact on urban patterns around the world. A colonial city’s uniqueness comes from its focus on commercial functions and blend of western and traditional urban values and practices. There were two types of colonial cities: one where the European settlement was created in an area where no other urban place had existed, and the other where Europeans invaded and eventually became more powerful than the previous inhabitants. Both types of cities eventually turned into dual cities.
The location of colonial cities was mostly determined by access to transportation, or the best place able to defend the city, which in most cases was along rivers or oceans. For example, in the colonization of America, the major cities were all located on the east coast, which provided the colonies with easy access to their parent state and…