Essay on How Artificial Ligaments Can Help Injured Individuals

783 Words Dec 9th, 2016 4 Pages
Artificial ligaments can help injured individuals, especially athletes, to continue to function in a normal fashion by replacing damaged ligaments. The historical development of artificial ligaments has been somewhat successful, but significant problems have been identified with nearly every replacement material that has been tested, especially in the specific context of ACL ligament replacements.
The first significant attempt at producing artificial ligaments was Gore-tex, which was made of polyfluoroethylene, and showed signs of initial success. However, long-term testing revealed that those who had these operations experienced ruptures and other complications after a few months (“Engineering,” 2013). Dacron, made of polyester, was the successor to Gore-tex. Like Gore-tex, Dacron was successful at first, but it was later removed from the market due to unreliability (“Engineering,” 2013). The Kennedy Ligament Augmentation device was another unsuccessful artificial ligament that was quickly dropped by surgeons due to the frequency of ruptures (“Engineering,” 2013). The most recent replacement materials on the market for replacing damaged ligaments are allogeneic tissues and autologous tissues. However, both tissue types have significant drawbacks. Allogeneic tissues have the risk of infecting the host with another organism’s disease; the immune system of the patients can also potentially reject the allogeneic ligament (“Engineering,” 2013). Autologous tissues are…

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