How Are Multiple Sclerosis Affects The Central Nervous System Of An Individual

1308 Words Feb 28th, 2016 6 Pages
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease or autoimmune disorder which affects the central nervous system of an individual; the brain and spinal cord. Though not much is known of the cause of MS, researchers believe that Multiple Sclerosis causes the body’s immune system to attack the myelin sheath. The myelin sheaths are an insulating coating around the nerve cells, consisting of a mixture of proteins and phospholipids, which help to increase the speed at which nerve impulses are conducted. As the myelin degrades the communication between the nerve cells in the central nervous system become muddled causing some parts of the body not to receive instructions normally from the CNS (central nervous system). It is the central nervous system which ultimately controls the entire body. There are different types of MS that can be present shall an individual become diagnosed with the disease; relapsing-remitting, secondary progressive, primary-progressive, and progressive-relapsing. There is no specific pattern to the disease. Some patients will develop the condition then progress slowly while others will progress at a faster rate. Being that no one has been able to find what the cause of MS is, there are four scientific theories about how the disease is triggered. Scientific evidence has shown the following triggers for the onset of Multiple Sclerosis; the immune system attacking the myelin being caused naturally or by other environmental factors, the environment and nutrition…

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