Essay on Homicide in Puerto Rico

2727 Words Apr 7th, 2011 11 Pages
HOMICIDE

IN

PUERTO RICO

Table of Contents

Abstract …………………………………………………………….3

Statement of the problem………………………………….4

Social Disorganization Theory of Crime………………7

The Social Learning Theory of Crime…………………..9

Recommendations…………………………………………….10

References…………………………………………………………12

Abstract In recent years Puerto Rico has shown staggering homicide rates, establishing the cause(s) for this development would be the first step in resolving the dilemma. Researching an assortment of criminological theories, history and statistics should be used to explain the increasing rates before offering any recommendations to Puerto Rican Homicide investigators and governmental authorities (local or federal).

Statement
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(Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse, 1997). Drug production, smuggling, trafficking, consumption and abuse, along with money laundering are intimately linked with crime and delinquency. These operations have encouraged laissez-faire enforcement and malfeasance across the full spectrum, ranging from government and law enforcement officials to even include the U.S. Postal Service (DEA & USPIS Operation “Dirty Eagles”, 2010). Puerto Rico is the Columbian drug cartels preferred point of entry due to its proximity between North and South America, owing to its status as a United States Territory there is almost no customs inspections between Puerto Rico and “Mainland America”. The drug traffic is considered to be the leading contributor to the organization of criminal gangs on the island, according to the DEA criminal gangs control the majority of drug trafficking and criminal activity, (National Drug Intelligence Center. 2008), because of this the federal government has dramatically increased enforcement efforts in Puerto Rico; the DEA Caribbean Division has seen its staff increase by 181%, with the number of Special Agents ballooning from 40 in 1996 to 131 in 2009. The FBI has doubled its Puerto Rico budget since 1996, increasing the number of FBI agents on the island from 116 five years ago to 177. Examining Puerto Rico’s socioeconomic uniqueness in comparison to the mainland is critical when assessing which

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