Homeschooling History Essay

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History of Homeschooling in the United States
The aspect of homeschooling is certainly not a new idea to American education because the first colonists homeschooled their children out of necessity (Wilhelm & Firmin, 2009). Homeschooling has grown in popularity and effectiveness over the past several decades (Moreau, 2012). The idea that homeschooling is only for young males has changed over the years to include all children under the age of eighteen; since everyone must enroll in school, the delivery of their education comes under heavy scrutiny (Moreau,2012).
In 1870, before government established the public schools in the United States, parents were responsible for their children’s education at home or by hiring a private tutor. Parents
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However, in the late 1960s, Kreager (2011) highlights that the “homeschooling movement” was back among American families. Many families politically motivated to homeschool their children, and the involved in this movement had to legally keep their children at home. There were two strains that guided the homeschooling movement; the first strain was ideological, known as “Christian Right” (Basham, Merrifield & Hepburn, 2007, p7). The chief guidance of this strain was Dr. Raymond Moore; his voice was that children should be schooled at home until age eight or nine in order to provide them a basic education, and in 1981, he published two books at that time Home Grown Kids and Home-Spun Schools (Basham, Merrifield & Hepburn, 2007). These two books became popular and important books that parents who wanted to homeschool their children read. The second strain was “Libertarian Left”; the guidance of this homeschooling strain was John Holt, an educational theorist who supported homeschooling families. Basham, Merrifield & Hepburn (2007) state that, “Holt’s thesis is that the most civilized way to educate a child is through home schooling” (p.7-8). He inspired homeschooled children; he published books How Children Fail, and Teach Your Own, which were significant in homeschooling movement. Clearly then as Basham, Merrifield & Hepburn (2007) describe that utmost families in 1970s …show more content…
Additionally, homeschoolers who can think independently will be successful at college level because they feel more mature than other students; they know how to think for themselves (Benefits of Homeschooling, 2015). In the same article, another advantage of homeschooling is that parents can provide a safe learning environment for their children, and they can protect them from teasing, bullying, negative peer pressure, bad influences, and in some cases, bad or even misbehaving

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