Homer 's Epic Poem, The Iliad Essay

775 Words Oct 5th, 2015 4 Pages
Homer’s epic poem, the Iliad, speaks about the great deeds of the Mycenaeans in the Trojan War. More specifically, it is about Achilles’ conflict with Agamemnon. The Greeks claimed to be heralded from Mycenaeans; this is definitely true. Mycenaeans were the earliest Greek-speaking peoples in the region, as opposed to the Minoans of Crete, and the civilizations from the Cyclades speaking their own languages. Homer was born into the Dark Age of Greece, a few hundred years after the bronze age Mycenaeans. Dark Age Greeks stumbled upon the ruins of Mycenaean cities and palaces, and claimed them as ancestors. The walls of the ancient cities were called “Cyclopean” (Pomeroy et al. 2004, 25) because the stones were so huge, and the Greeks reasoned that only immensely strong Cyclopes could carry them. Bards, such as Homer, were commissioned to tell stories of the gods, and of the older years when men were greater. The Iliad is an example of just that. However, it is not a true representation of the romanticized Mycenaean society, but rather one of the Dark Age period. Before focusing on the differences between Dark Age Greece and the time of the Mycenaeans, it is important to first examine the Homeric hero. The Iliad gives fantastic examples of these heroes. Each has a few things in common, even though most seem extremely different. For example, Achilles and Odysseus are two contrasting examples of Homeric grandeur, yet they have the same Dark Age concepts validating them as great…

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