Homecare : Maintaining Cardiovascular Health Essay examples
701 Words Jun 22nd, 2016 3 Pages
According to the World Health Organization, "cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause." The worst part about this: Most cardiovascular diseases could have been prevented by simply addressing behavioral risk factors.
The heart is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. The arteries take the blood away from the heart and the veins bring it back to it, completing the circuit. This process is what brings oxygen, nutrients, and protection to the body 's cells. It is also the process that takes waste materials from the cells to be removed from the body. If the cardiovascular (cardio – heart, vascular – veins and arteries) system does not work properly, the body cannot function.
The main enemies of a strong cardiovascular system are high blood pressure, obesity, and high LDL cholesterol levels. Having extra fat on the body makes the heart work harder to pump the blood. The extra work increases blood pressure which can damage the heart. Cholesterol collects on the walls of the arteries and veins causing plaque buildup. This narrow their diameter and makes it more difficult for blood to pass through. This leads to higher blood pressure. It also increases the risk that a piece of plaque could break off and travel to the lungs or brain causing a pulmonary embolism or stroke.
Given the necessity for good cardiovascular health, what can…