Essay about Holden 's Psychoanalytical Theory And Psychoanalytic Theory

1087 Words Mar 11th, 2015 5 Pages
Holden Caulfield, a sixteen year old boy living in New York, has been sent to multiple boarding schools and share many similar experiences with J. D. Salinger, the author of The Catcher in the Rye. Holden is not like normal teenagers, who are full of life, crave adventure and look forward to new experiences. In contrast, he hates many things, gets depressed, especially around young children, and thinks that everybody; but, mostly adults are phony. On a psychological level, there are many factors in his childhood experience which may have influenced why he acts and thinks such a way. By applying Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theory, it is easier to understand what motivates Holden’s thoughts and actions, in addition to what Salinger experienced that influenced him to create a cynical misanthropist like Holden. As the story begins, Holden is re-telling it to a psychiatrist in a “rest home” in California. He opens up about his experiences and says, “I’ll just tell you about this madman stuff that happened to me around last Christmas just before I got pretty run-down and had to come out here and take it easy” (pg.1). The author’s choice of writing the story in first person invites the readers to take part in re-living Holden’s experiences. Using the diction of a teen, Salinger’s readers can easily relate to Holden, which establishes credibility. The words “madman” and “run-down” help set the tone for the rest of the book as a restless and crazy journey.
Sigmund Freud, a…

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