Hobbes's Moral And Political Philosophy Of The 1700s

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" All mankind being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions." - John Locke. In the 1700’s, the cultural and intellectual capital was Paris, and many Enlightenment ideas spread out from there. Philosophers have impacted and influenced the world. Enlightenment philosophers such as Locke, Hobbes, and Voltaire were amongst of them. There were multitudes of changes from the Enlightenment like preferable process in science and society. As well as a secular focus and beliefs in the importance of an individual. Out of all of the philosophers, John Locke made the most impact because he wanted natural rights to people 's life, liberty, and property. Also, Locke insisted a limited government …show more content…
In the article, Hobbes 's Moral and Political Philosophy, Sharon Lloyd included, " social contract theory; the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would make among suitably situated rational, free, and equal person" (Lloyd). Hobbes believes that a government exists because people agreed to give up some of their rights in exchange for the order and stability that a government provides. His belief was called the "social contract." In the 1700 's, people in France were in order. No crimes were hardly committed. Hobbes knew that without a government, his fellow men would commit crimes like robbery or murder. Many French citizens demanded a strong government that will make them safe from other countries. Hobbes social contract theory helped the French society to well conduct. Although, some may believed that Thomas Hobbes impacted the most in the world. This is wrong because Hobbes idea of the social contract, wasn 't for the people rights. Hobbes wanted the government to have power over the people, which made many citizens angry. Moreover, he created an idea that the government needed to be on power, and citizens had to obey what the government wants them to do or don 't. Instead, John Locke created a vast impact to the world. John Locke 's idea of having individual rights, …show more content…
In the article, Study Guide for Voltaire 's Philosophical Dictionary, Paul Brians stated, " Hobbes felt that no change of the kind he wanted was possible without undermining the power of the Church" (Brians). In 1770 's, citizens in France demanded freedom of religion. Voltaire ceased that France was a nation that almost destroyed itself to establish Catholicism as the only practiced religion. Multiple people in France argued that they could consider different religions. Voltaire advocated that every person in France should have the power to believe or practice other religion that they desire. During this century, the absolute monarchs in that time was exceedingly religious. The State Church practice one religion and believes that the French nation should practice only one religion. Voltaire was against the idea that citizens only had to practice Catholicism.Voltaire inclined to reform the Catholic Church.Voltaire wrote a book to free his fellow Frenchmen from the church’s doctrine of “the divine right of kings.” The Divine Rights of the Kings, is a doctrine that said no kings should derived the right to rule directly from the will of God. Voltaire 's plans was rumored throughout France, so his plans impacted other churches in Europe. Voltaire 's idea of freedom of religion influenced abundant of countries like America. If it wasn 't for Voltaire, citizens in the

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