Hiv And The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Essay

1570 Words Dec 4th, 2016 7 Pages
What is HIV?
The human immunodeficiency virus is known to be called HIV, and it is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person 's strength and ability to fight infections. White blood cells are an important part of the immune system. “HIV infects and destroys certain white blood cells called CD4+ cells. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which helps the immune system fight off infections” (Nordqvist). It is commonly contracted through many things, but most importantly unprotected sex or needle sharing. An HIV test confirms diagnosis. Over a certain period of time, HIV can gradually abolish so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and diseases. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype.
A sophisticated research indicates that approximately “50,000 people including men and women in Unites States are diagnosed with HIV every year”. There are countless distinctive strains of the popular disease known to be HIV and therefore it is classified into two types. “Type 1 HIV is the most common worldwide but controversy. HIV type 2 is found mostly in Africa, with some cases in India and Europe” (Nordqvist). With the proper level of treatment and care, many people with HIV are capable of living a long and active life.
What are the Stages of HIV?
The three stages of HIV infection are (1) acute HIV infection, (2) chronic HIV infection,…

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