Part I: Fill in the Blanks
Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences.
a. Burdened by debt from the Seven Years’ War and French support for the American Revolution, King Louis XVI needed to raise taxes, so he agreed to convene the , which met in 1789 at Versailles. Led by the —those outside the aristocracy or church— a new was declared on June 17, 1789. Its members swore, in the Tennis Court Oath, to create a new for France. b. Nervous about the new National Constituent Assembly, the king gathered troops near Versailles and in early July of 1789. The citizens of , anxious about the
…show more content…
The following month, France declared war on Great Britain and Spain, and a royalist revolution began in the of western France. The working government proclaimed a new calendar, established a fully democratic on June 22, 1793, and attempted to eliminate the faith from their new Republic of Virtue. h. During the Reign of Terror, great power was centralized in the Committee , and took control of this committee in 1793 and 1794. The committee was quick to those identified as enemies of the Republic. Tens of thousands of French people met this fate, until members of the Convention, worried that they would be identified as , had executed on July 28, 1794. Subsequently, in the Reaction, the system of the Reign of Terror was eliminated, Jacobins who participated were forced out of public life, and the Constitution of the established a bicameral legislature and an executive body called the .
Russia Under Catherine the Great
a. Soon after Tsar took power in 1745, he was removed from power in a coup and murdered, and his wife, a princess, was proclaimed Empress Catherine