Essay on History of Psych310

811 Words Apr 15th, 2012 4 Pages
A History of Modern Psychology

Why is the understanding the history of psychology important? A psychologist and historian (E.G. Boring, 1963) once said, “The seats on the train of progress all face backwards: You can see the past but only guess about the future. Yet a knowledge of history, although it can never be complete and fails miserably to foretell the future, has a huge capacity for adding significance to the understanding of the present” (see chapter 1). Every course that you have taken on history has shown that we never learn anything from our past mistakes, and that looking back cannot guarantee our future in setting stone. But psychology is important to learn because it teaches us a few things: one, it would help
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The Russian physiologist and scientist Ivan Pavlov, who discovered the learning process now referred to as classical conditioning, when he was studying the digestive system of dogs. Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs through events between an environmental and a natural occurring stimulus. One interesting development of science in the 19th century was children, because at that time peoples’ lives could have been divided into categories from childhood to adulthood. Child psychologist main concern was the development that kids would go though; Psychologist was interested in children progression through changes that occurred in their lives. The sources of their growth, whether it was genetics or from their environment (nature vs. nurture), and how people change to become different unique individuals’ characteristics. The issue (nature vs. nurture) was popular back then, by Sir Francis Galton (see chapter 5) which was over 130 years ago, when they battled over the influence of genetics and environment. Another nineteenth century development was from Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace both men created an identical theory, which at one point was called the

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