History: The Iranian Revolution

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The Iranian revolution was mainly caused because of the economic conditions the country faced rather than the Shahs friendship with Western countries. The country suffered from shortages, economic downturns, and high inflation while the Sha was in charge. There were many events that led up to overthrowing the Pahlavi dynasty. The first being the government monopoly on tobacco products which created a protest in 1891. Then came the Anglo oil company which was controlled by the British. Which created a lot of anger for the Iranian people who lived in poverty and believed the oil was rightfully theirs. Later, in 1963 came the Shia cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who came out openly and stated that the Shah is on the path towards the destruction of Islam in Iran.
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Many Iranians were angered by the fact the Shah was keeping the oil money for his family. By 1976 the Shah himself received 1 billion dollars from oil revenue and gave his distant family the remainder. In addition to taking all the oil profits, the Sha banned all political parties and forced all Iranians to join the Rastakhiz party. Later in the 1970’s the government ordered the death of a famous modern Islamist theorist Ali Shariati who expressed his views on the government.

On August 19th, 422 people inside the Cinema Rex theatre burned to death. Because of the revolutionary atmosphere the public blamed the Shah for starting the fire and began more protest against the Shah. Later that month things got out of hand, deadly riots broke out and a bus filled with Americans was bombed. It was at this point the Shah realized he lost control of his country and feared for his

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