History Study Guide 1 Essay

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Study Guide 1 – Reconstruction

The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution officially outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.

The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is one of the post-Civil War amendments and it includes the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses. It defines who is a citizen of the US.
The 14th amendment states that states must provide equal protection to all people.

The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" (for example, slavery).

The Civil Rights Act of
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The Radical Republicans were a loose faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.

The Wade–Davis Bill of 1864 was a bill proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland.
Johnson Reconstruction Plan was to formed new state government in the south by using his power to grant pardons and offered easy terms to former confederates.

Carpetbaggers derogatory nickname southerners gave to northerners who moved south after civil war, perceiving them as greedy opportunist who hoped to cash in on the south’s plight.

Scalawag is a term used by conservative southerners to describe other white southerners who were perceived as aiding or benefiting from reconstruction.

The Myth of Negro Rule was growing of them where they charging that the south has been turned over to ignorant blacks, conservatives used “black domination”, as a rallying cry for a return to white supremacy.

Ku Klux Klan is a terrorist organization established by six confederates was veterans that sought to reestablish white supremacy in the south, suppress black voting, and topple reconstruction governments.

Panic of 1873

Sharecropping is a system where landowners and former slaves

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