Essay about History of Project Management

2456 Words Mar 31st, 2012 10 Pages
2011
Project Management
Term Paper
Jenna Volk
Production Operations Management 2011
Project Management
Term Paper
Jenna Volk
Production Operations Management

Project Management

“Trying to manage a project without project management is like trying to play a football game without a game plan.”

* K. Tate

Project management, in the modern sense, began in the early 1950s, although it has its roots much further back in the latter years of the 19th century. The need for project management was driven by businesses that realized the benefits of organizing work around projects and the critical need to communicate and coordinate work across departments and professions. The government, military and corporate world have
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It wasn't until the early 1990s that link lines were added to these task bars depicting more precise dependencies between tasks. Taylor, Gantt, and others helped evolve management into a distinct business function that requires study and discipline (Sisk, 2011).
The Project Management Institute (PMI) was formed, in 1969, to professionalize and modernize through formalizing project management tools and techniques. In addition, today with rapid technological advancement, thriving IT industries, and globalization, project management solutions are in demand throughout the world as a fundamental force to complete projects within a defined scope, time, and within cost constraints. (Bista, 2006)
Case Study #1: AT&T AT&T, a worldwide leader in technology communications, established a Project Management Center of Excellence (PMCOE) in order to institute common standards, foster a project management culture and improve individual and organizational competencies. This program targeted over 10,000 project managers, program managers and their supervisors with the mission to be recognized internally as the resource for project management consulting, mentoring, training, processes, tools and techniques.
In 2005, Southwestern Bell Corp, SBC, and AT&T finalized a merger. This merger brought together two distinct project management

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