History Of Manifest Destiny

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The phrase “manifest destiny” is the belief that the United States would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory. The word manifest means obvious so the destiny was manifest or obvious. Americans assumed the United States would expand to the Pacific Ocean. Thomas Jefferson was president at the time and he dreamed of expanding the U.S. to the Pacific Ocean. People had many reasons for wanting to move to the west. For example, people had personal economic problems and wanted to start fresh in the west. Also, the abundance of land attracted people for farming or land ownership, which was an important step toward success and good fortune. Growth in manufacturing and the rise of business made people want to expand …show more content…
In 1803 the U.S. bought all of the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. France sold us this land for $15 million. Spain originally owned the Louisiana territory but then France gained the land in 1800 from the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the nation’s size. Even before the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson wanted to explore the west. In February 1803 an expedition to the west was funded. Meriwether Lewis, who was Thomas Jefferson’s personal secretary, and Lewis’ dear friend William Clark lead an expedition to the west, with 50 other men accompanying them. The expedition started in St. Louis and was expected to go to the Pacific Ocean. Along the journey, they met a Native American woman named Sacajawea, who helped guide the expedition. The Lewis and Clark expedition took a little over two years. They discovered a lot about the western …show more content…
This trail became an important trade route. On this trail, Americans were able to discover present day California and Arizona territory. This territory was under Spanish rule. In 1836 there was a trail starting in Missouri and ended in Portland, Oregon. This trail was named the Oregon Trail. Marcus and Narcissa Whitman, who were missionaries, traveled to the Oregon territory to set up mission schools to educate Native Americans about Christianity. In 1844, American farmers arrived in Oregan and began farming because there was fertile land there. In 1833, Stephen Austin established a colony between Brazos and the Colorado river. Austin’s colony was was very successful. The colony became very popular throughout the United States. Americans wanted to extend the U.S. border to the Rio Grande river. John Quincy Adams made an offer to buy Texas but Mexico refused. In 1830, Mexico was strict on their border and made an expensive tax on imported goods from America. Mexico did not have a strong government or any form of troops. The politics also became unstable. Stephen Austin had traveled to Mexico City because the Texas colonists wanted Texas to be a separate Mexican state. At this point most of Texas was populated by Americans. Americans wanted Stephen Austin to take this idea to Mexico City. On his way home to Texas Austin was put in jail because of their new immigration laws. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

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