History Of Ivf And Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis Essay

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Socio-scientific issue - the use of IVF and Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis

In today’s world, our technology is endlessly developing. We are constantly creating more ways to enhance our lives with concepts ranging from aeroplanes to touch screens to artificial insemination and testing. The question is, have we taken it too far?

What is IVF (in-vitro fertilisaiton) and PGD (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis)?
A major development in our modern technology is the use of IVF and Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis, often known as PGD. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a reproductive technology in which an egg is removed from a woman and joined with a sperm cell from a man in a test tube (in vitro). The cells fuse to form a single cell called a zygote, which then starts dividing, becoming an embryo. When the zygote/embryo is only a few cells large, it is implanted in the woman 's uterus, and, if successful, will develop as a normal embryo. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a screening test used to determine if genetic or chromosomal disorders are present in embryos produced through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Preimplantation genetic diagnosis screens embryos before they are transferred to the uterus so couples can make informed decisions about their next steps in the IVF process. Embryos unaffected by the genetic or chromosomal disorder can be selected for transfer to the uterus.

What are the reasons that might constitute the demand for such technology?
The purpose…

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