History Of Federal Courts

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The court system in our country was created under the influences from the Justinian Code, after the Roman Emperor Justinian I, Napoleonic Code, and the common law of Great Britain. Federal and States courts have separate political jurisdictions and procedures, nonetheless, both were established to solve conflicts. However, court systems are different than police departments, in that courts are in a hierarchy order. When a case is seen at a court, the loosing party can appeal to court with more power and the results can change from those given by the previous judge. In Federal courts the cases are first presented to the U. S. Magistrate, District, and Appeal Courts. State Courts start with Courts of Limited Jurisdiction, Trial Courts of General …show more content…
S. Constitution gives Federal Courts authority for judgments. Established on September 24, 1789 The Federal Judiciary Act created 13 courts, one for each colony. Each judge had to go around cities to take care of cases, because it was few laws it was possible, but within time this fact change as population started growing and the need for new laws grew, the quantity of original judges also grew accordingly. At the beginning the U. S. Supreme Court had six justices and much less authority, today there is nine justices, consisting of one chief and eight associate justices. Landmark cases as Marbury v. Madison, under Chief justice John Marshall created : the power to declared congressional and presidential acts unconstitutional--the power of the judicial review—is the most important power of the Supreme Court,”(CJ2015, chap.7, p155)Other courts in the Federal Court System are the U. S. Bankruptcy, Appeals for the Arm Forces, Federal Claims, International Trade, Tax, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance, and Appeals for Veteran Claims Courts. Consisting of four tires of responsibility, Magistrate, Trial, Appeals, and the highest tire the Supreme …show more content…
In 1968 the Unified Judicial System was created, and States changed in how courts were conducted. Structure similarity exist in most State courts, since they all evolve from the British Common Law. Nonetheless, some States as Illinois has revised their system four times to be in accordance with the rest of the Nations courts. State Court follow very similar patrons as the Federal Courts. Most States have a four tire of responsibility, courts of limited jurisdictions, general jurisdictions, intermediate appellate jurisdictions, and courts of last resort. Limited Jurisdiction Courts handle many duties, as lawsuits, permits, marriages, issue search and arrest warrants, setting bails, and arranging defendants. At this courts Judges are paid by local government. Judges of limited jurisdiction are not required to be lawyers, and because the are appointed by by local government the requirement doesn’t have to meet even a high school diploma. Also not required for this courts is to have a prosecutor, meaning that defendants have to present their own cases. This courts do not keep records of trials, therefor if an appeal is done, a trial de novo needs to be done. General jurisdiction Courts are like the workhorse of the criminal

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