Essay History of Agricultural Extension

3600 Words Jan 25th, 2011 15 Pages
A
TERM PAPER ON
THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN NIGERIA AND ONDO STATE

BY
ALE, A.B (AEE/09/8837)

SUBMITTED TO

PROFESSOR EWUOLA
AEE 835 COURSE LECTURER

JUNE, 2010

Introduction
The history of a particular subject, people, profession or any phenomenon provides a record of events which took place in the past to enable us to appreciate the status, strengths and weaknesses of the events which took place in the past. This serves as a guide to others so as not to fall into the pitfalls of predecessors. A lot of researchers have documented these in the past and they are given in their own words. A summary is then made from all the various accounts of how agricultural extension began in Nigeria. Before giving a
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Farmers selected the best seeds for multiplication, from which the seedlings are been transplanted to their farms. Similarly farmers introduced to their farms improved seeds and animals from their neighbouring communities and from trans-Saharan traders from neighbouring countries. farmers themselves experimented upon and projected their production methodologies without the assistance of formally designated extension agents. Extension teaching was largely through apprenticeship.
During the colonial era by the British, some agricultural development initiatives were undertaken with the purpose of increasing production. The first step was to establish the Department of Botanical Research in 1893 with its headquarters at Olokomeji in the former western Nigeria (Williams, 1978). Its responsibilities included conducting research in both agriculture and forestry. In 1905, the British Cotton Growers Association acquired 10.35 square kilometres of land at the site now called Moor Plantation, Ibadan for growing cotton to feed the British textile mills. In 1910, Moor Plantation, Ibadan became the headquarters of the Department of Agriculture in Southern Nigeria, while the Department of Agriculture was established in the North in 1912.
In 1921, a unified Department of Agriculture was formed

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