History: Indirect Discoverers Of The New World

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1. The 1st Europeans to come to America were the Norse (Vikings from Norway).
1.1. Around 1,000 A.D., the Vikings landed, led by Erik the Red and Leif Erikson.
1.2. They landed in “Newfoundland” or “Vinland” (due to all of the vines).
1.3. However, these men left America and left no written record and therefore didn’t get the credit.
1.4. The only record is found in Viking sagas or songs.
2. The Christian Crusaders of Middle Ages fought in Palestine to regain the Holy Land from Muslims. This mixing of East and West created a sweet-tooth where Europeans wanted the spices of the exotic East.
5. Europeans Enter Africa This content copyright © 2010 by WikiNotes.wikidot.com
1. Marco Polo traveled to China and stirred up a storm of European interest.
2. Mixed with desire for spices, an East to West (Asia to Europe) trade flourished but had to be overland, at least in part. This initiated new exploration down around Africa in hopes of an easier (all water) route.
3. Portugal literally started a sailing school to find better ways to get to the “Spice Islands,” eventually rounding Africa’s southern Cape of Good Hope.
4. New developments
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A new race of people emerged, mestizos, a mix of Spanish and Indian blood.
10. The Spread of Spanish America
1. Spanish society quickly spread through Peru and Mexico
2. A threat came from neighbors…
2.1. English – John Cabot (an Italian who sailed for England) touched the coast of the current U.S.
2.2. Italy – Giovanni de Verrazano also touched on the North American seaboard.
2.3. France – Jacques Cartier went into mouth of St. Lawrence River (Canada).
3. To oppose this, Spain set up forts (presidios) all over the California coast. Also cities, like St. Augustine in Florid #
4. Don Juan de Onate followed Coronado’s old path into present day New Mexico. He conquered the Indians ruthlessly, maiming them by cutting off one foot of survivors just so they’d remember.
5. Despite mission efforts, the Pueblo Indians revolted in Pope’s Rebellion.
6. Robert de LaSalle sailed down the Mississippi River for France claiming the whole region for their King Louis and naming the area “Louisiana” after his king. This started a slew of place-names for that area, from LaSalle, Illinois to “Louisville” and then on down to New Orleans (the American counter of Joan of Arc’s famous victory at

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