History And Heritage Of Tourism Essay

1130 Words Oct 24th, 2014 5 Pages
“Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes” (UNWTO).Tourism has become a major phenomenon and a way of life for a majority of people today. Therefore tourism literature has time and again stated that it is one of the leading industries. It is an important sector, and a dominant economic development instrument grounded on destination resources.
Heritage is what is inherited from the historical and what is in use in the current period , therefore history is the past and heritage is the modern day use of the past for tourism and other purposes (Timothy,D,2011). Heritage could therefore be seen as the relics from the bygone that is handed on to the current and future generations. These can be further classified into natural and built heritage. Natural heritage comprises of natural occurrences such as mountains, rivers and desserts while heritage that is built by civilizations and its various forms is considered built heritage. Heritage and culture, when combined with leisure and tourism may be considered one of the most significant and fastest growing components of the tourism industry (Martin.B, Mason.S, 1992). This leads to heritage tourism which is tourism centred on the heritage of a destination. Therefore it means that this form of tourism is fundamentally destination oriented (Brooks, 2011). Individuals visit such…

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