Historical Traum An American Indian Community Sample : Contributions Of Substance Dependence, Affective Disorder, And Ptsd

1839 Words Jan 24th, 2016 null Page
Ehlers, C., Gizer, I., Gildder, D., Ellington, J., & Yehuda, R. (2013). Measuring historical trauma in an American Indian community sample: Contributions of substance dependence, affective disorder, conduct disorder and PTSD. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol 133, Issue 1, P180-187. Doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.11
In order to understand the extent to which historical trauma impacts the lives of Native Americans, a research study was conducted amongst 306 American Indians living on various reservations. This study employed several assessment tools: The Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA), the Historical Loss Scale, the Historical Loss Associated Symptoms Scale, the Stressful-Life-Events Scale and the Orthogonal Cultural Identification Scale (OCIS). According to the authors, historical trauma is equal to a collective experience of trauma that occurs inter-generationally. Native Americans appear to experience a higher rate of trauma than members of the general population, but that trauma is sometimes complicated by abuse of alcohol and drugs. Native Americans experience losses that are not limited to a single event. Their sense of loss is ongoing in their lives. The study revealed that both adult and adolescent American Indians have frequent thoughts of historical losses, which are associated with negative symptoms such as substance abuse, anxiety disorders and affective disorders. This result was consistent across all communities that were…

Related Documents