Essay on Historical Issues And Laws That Effect Special Education

919 Words Aug 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
Historical issues/laws that effect special education
In 1954, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the United States Supreme Court found that “separate but equal is inherently unequal in the context of public education.” (Brown, 1954). Although the case dealt with racial segregation, it served as the legal foundation for the rights of children with disabilities. In 1975, congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA), which was later renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is a federal law that authorizes special education for children with disabilities. IDEA requires public schools to provide students with disabilities a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE). LRE requires school districts to educate students with disabilities in the regular classroom with appropriate supports to the maximum extent possible. The adoption and implementation of IDEA was a huge step towards educating all children with disabilities in the United States.
The United States has a very consistent process in which students are identified as qualifying for special education services. It starts with a parental consent to an assessment plan. Within 60 days of being given parental permission, tests are conducted and an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) meeting is held to present the test results to the IEP team. An IEP team consists of an…

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