Historical Criticism Of Biblical Criticism

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For over two-thousand and five-hundred years the Old Testament has been accepted by many as historically accurate and inspired by God. Likewise, after the King James Version of the Holy Bible was published, it was considered by the Protestants to be the only accurate version of the Holy Bible and was infallible. The historical criticism of both the Old and New Testament began in middle 1700AD and since early 1900AD a more scientific view became established concerning the history of the texts of both Testaments. Because of the languages, different cultural influences and the historical chronology the Old Testament and New Testament, the separation of these two texts frequently became necessary.

Many claim that biblical criticism began in 1788AD, when James Hutton wrote and published a book called "The Theory of the Earth" which explained geology and how the Earth developed. This book discredited the Old Testament along with the Book of Genesis, by scientifically explaining the evolution of the Earth. By the early part of 1800AD, many people began to doubt the validity of the Holy Bible.

In fact, biblical criticism in the early 1900AD became divided between Higher Criticism and Lower Criticism. While Higher Criticism focuses on the biblical history and it 's composition by determining when and who wrote the
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Consequently, in 1893AD Pope Leo XIII issued a Vatican doctrine called "Providentissimus Deus or On the Study of Holy Scripture" in which he presented guidelines about how the Scriptures were to be taught in seminaries that would address the contradictions of in the Holy Bible when compared to known scientific evidence. More importantly, Pope Leo XIII also issued an authorization to allow Biblical Criticism within the Catholic Church. Later in 1902AD, a Pontifical Biblical Commission became established by Pope Leo XIII to add modern science to be taught along with Catholic biblical

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