Historical Context Of Eastern Orthodoxy Essay
Eastern Orthodoxy was formed in the 1st-5th centuries BC. Eastern Orthodoxy developed its identity after the “Great Schism” in which Rome and Constantinople had a falling out and both Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism gained an identity (“Eastern Orthodoxy”). The religion originated in the East from the Roman-Byzantine Empire with the headquarters in Constantinople. Eastern Orthodoxy regards its self as the True Church, being rooted in Christianity. Eastern Orthodoxy places great value on the doctrine and holds the Bible to be the sacred text. They use the Septuagint, or the Greek Old Testament. The movement also emphasizes the Creeds and the seven ecumenical councils. In fact, the church often refers to itself as the “Church of Seven Councils” because of the importance of the ecumenical councils, establishing the doctrines of early Christianity. Eastern Orthodoxy claims to have been a succession from the apostles. The Eastern Orthodox Church is a spread across the globe to all seven continents with nearly 250,000,000 followers (“Library: Eastern Orthodoxy”).
Important characters in developing the Eastern Orthodox movement are Greek Church Fathers who were influential Christian theologians that emerged from monasteries. These include Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom and St. Basil the Great. All three men are considered the Great Hierarch because of their influence on the Eastern Orthodox Church (Bruce).
Gregory of Nyssa had a…