Hispanic American Diversity Essay

1130 Words Sep 23rd, 2007 5 Pages
Hispanic American Diversity
At some point in time in your life you have heard the terms Latino or Hispanic. What was the first thing that came to your mind? There are many different types of Latinos and/or Hispanics in the United States today. In 2003, 37.4 million Latinos reside in the U.S., outnumbering 34.7 million African Americans (Ramirez and de la Cruz 2003 Racial and Ethnic Groups Chapter 9). Each of these types has similar cultures and customs, but is uniquely different. No one person can be so sure of which of these ethnicities one belongs to, unless you already know the person.
Mexican Americans are the most populated Latino/Hispanic group in the United States. As of the census in 2003 they make up 66.9% of the Hispanic
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Something unique about this region is the way that people are placed. A color gradient is used in this area, to tell what region of South or Central America they are coming from. A color gradient is the placement of people among a continuum from light to dark skin color rather than in distinct racial groupings by skin color (Ramirez and de la Cruz 2003 Racial and Ethnic Groups Chapter 9). Could you imagine if the United States did that with the non-Hispanic White population? Would they all be in the same category?
In 1940, 88% of the Puerto Rican people lived in New York City. By 2000, that number has dropped to less than a third (J. Logan and de la Cruz 2003 Racial and Ethnic Groups Chapter 9). Puerto Ricans in the United States tend to be more English-language oriented, with 39% English-dominant, 40% bilingual, and 21% Spanish-dominant (Brodie et al. 2002; Bureau of the Census 2003a:158 from Racial and Ethnic Groups Chapter 9). Today, most Americans, when they hear Puerto Rican, they think of baseball. There are an abundance of Latino ball players in the Major Baseball League in modern times. Not all of them are of Puerto Rican decent, but again, they get grouped into the Latino race, no matter where they are from.
Third in numbers only to Mexicans and Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans are a significant ethnic Hispanic minority in the United States (Racial and Ethnic Groups Chapter 9). Following

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